The bulk of the literature search and review was conducted during July 22nd, 2009 and August 18th, 2009. Additional searches were conducted as requested by the Industrial Insurance Medical Advisory Committee Subcommittee members.
Search results were limited to human studies and English language only. Articles published in 1990 and later (arbitrarily chosen) were considered. Search results were not limited to adults only because many studies defined "adults" as 18 years and older whereas PubMed defines this category as 19 years and older.
The following keywords were used in PubMed. Terms for radial nerve entrapment (RNE) were searched in combination with terms for each of the other categories (work-relatedness, diagnosis, treatment).
The condition: radial nerve, posterior interosseous nerve, entrapment, compression, neuropathy, forearm, radial tunnel syndrome, posterior interosseous nerve syndrome.
Work-relatedness: occupational health, injury, disease, work, active worker, job*, employ*, workers compensation, activity, daily living, return to work, disability, daily activity.
Diagnosis: diagnose, diagnosis, diagnostic, gold standard, sensitivity, specificity, likelihood, predictive value, true positive, true negative, false positive, false negative, nerve conduction, electrodiagnostic, electromyography, symptoms, signs, reliability, validity, assessment, evaluation, physical, clinical, test, exam, ultrasound, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance OR imaging.
Treatment: therap*, treatment, outcome, outcome assessment, relative risk, adverse events, effects, conservative, nonsurgical, surgical, surgery, decompression, effectiveness, efficacy, results.